InfoareaInfo Area is nothing but a folder to store your objects.
Infoobject : Business evaluation objects are known in BI as InfoObjects. They are divide into characteristics,key figures , units , time characteristics and technical characteristics are the smallest units of BI. Using Info Objects, information is mapped in a structured form.
Data source: Can be a sap or non sap source of data. It provides data in a flat file structure
Process chain : A process chain is a sequence of processes that are scheduled to wait in the background for an event. Some of these processes trigger a separate event that can, in turn, start other processes.
Staging engine : Persistent staging area –It is temporary area where the imported data from data source is held before modeling or transformation
Admin work bench is a tool which helps in initiating data extraction, transformation & loading
Infocube is set of relational tables with the fact table in the center and surrounded by other dimensional tables
DSOADataStore object serves as a storage location for consolidated and cleansed transaction data or master data on a document level. This data can be evaluated using a BEx query
Star Schema In computing, the Star Schema is the simplest style of data mart schema. The star schemaconsists of one or more fact tables referencing any number of dimension tables.
OLTP Online transaction processing, or OLTP, is a class of information systems that facilitate and manage transaction-oriented applications, typically for data entry and retrieval transaction processing.
OLAP, online analytical processing, or OLAP, is an approach to answering multi-dimensional analytical queries swiftly. OLAP is part of the broader category of business intelligence, which also encompasses relational database, report writing and data mining.
Data warehouseIn computing, a data warehouse (DW or DWH), also known as an enterprise data warehouse (EDW), is a system used for reporting and data analysis. DWs are central repositories of integrated data from one or more disparate sources.
Data modelA data model is a graphical view of data created for analysis and design purposes.
Data modeling includes designing data warehouse databases in detail, it follows principles and patterns established in Architecture for data warehousing and business intelligence.